If the National Archeology Museum has the best collection of paleolithic artifacts, then this museum has the second best collection on display. This modern museum in the heart of Les Eyzies has a striking appearance, as it is built right into the cliffs and is capped by a stone statue of a Neanderthal. You will find bones of prehistoric animals like cave bear and megaloceros, actual Neanderthal skeletons, and artifacts from prehistoric sites all over France. There are lamps from decorated caves, stone tools, rocks with carvings of animals, and some reproductions of items that are in other museums. The roof of the museum offers a beautiful view of the river and town.
Unfortunately, there is not much English to be found here. There are some laminated sheets with translations of the exhibits, but as you move through the museum, they become scarce. A pity, because there is so much stuff here it can be hard to follow if you don't read French. Children might find this museum a little boring unless they're really into prehistory.